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PBIS

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What is PBIS?

One of the foremost advances in school-wide discipline is the emphasis on school-wide systems of support that include proactive strategies for defining, teaching, and supporting appropriate student behaviors to create positive school environments. Instead of using a piecemeal approach of individual behavioral management plans, a continuum of positive behavior support for all students within a school is implemented in areas including the classroom and non-classroom settings (such as hallways, buses, and restrooms). Positive behavior support is an application of a behaviorally-based systems approach to enhance the capacity of schools, families, and communities to design effective environments that improve the link between research-validated practices and the environments in which teaching and learning occur. Attention is focused on creating and sustaining Tier 1 supports (universal), Tier 2 supports (targeted group), and Tier 3 supports (individual) systems of support that improve lifestyle results (personal, health, social, family, work, recreation) for all children and youth by making targeted behaviors less effective, efficient, and relevant, and desired behavior more functional.

¿Qué es PBIS?

Uno de los avances más importantes en la disciplina de todos los ambientes escolares es el énfasis en los sistemas de apoyo de toda la escuela que incluyen estrategias proactivas para definir, enseñar y apoyar los comportamientos apropiados de los estudiantes para crear entornos escolares positivos. En lugar de utilizar un enfoque poco sistemático de los planes de manejo de la conducta individual, se implementa un apoyo continuo de conducta positiva para todos los estudiantes dentro de una escuela en áreas que incluyen entornos dentro y fuera de la clase (como pasillos, autobuses y baños). El apoyo a la conducta positiva es una aplicación de un enfoque de sistemas basados ​​en el comportamiento para mejorar la capacidad de las escuelas, las familias y las comunidades para diseñar entornos efectivos que mejoren la relación entre las prácticas validadas por la investigación y los entornos en los que se desarrolla la enseñanza y el aprendizaje. La atención se centra en crear y mantener los apoyos de Nivel 1 (universales), los apoyos de Nivel 2 (grupos específicos) y los sistemas de apoyo (individuales) de Nivel 3 que mejoran los resultados de estilo de vida (personal, salud, social, familiar, laboral, recreativo) para todos los niños y jóvenes al hacer que los comportamientos dirigidos sean menos efectivos, eficientes y relevantes, y que el comportamiento deseado sea más funcional.

 

Why is it so important to focus on teaching positive social behaviors?

Frequently, the question is asked, "Why should I have to teach kids to be good? They already know what they are supposed to do. Why can I not just expect good behavior?" In the infamous words of a TV personality, "How is that working out for you?"

In the past, schoolwide discipline has focused mainly on reacting to specific student misbehavior by implementing punishment-based strategies including reprimands, loss of privileges, office referrals, suspensions, and expulsions. Research has shown that the implementation of punishment, especially when it is used inconsistently and in the absence of other positive strategies, is ineffective. Introducing, modeling, and reinforcing positive social behavior is an important step of a student's educational experience. Teaching behavioral expectations and rewarding students for following them is a much more positive approach than waiting for misbehavior to occur before responding. The purpose of schoolwide PBIS is to establish a climate in which appropriate behavior is the norm.

What is a systems approach in schoolwide PBIS?

An organization is a group of individuals who behave together to achieve a common goal. Systems are needed to support the collective use of best practices by individuals within the organization. The schoolwide PBIS process emphasizes the creation of systems that support the adoption and durable implementation of evidence-based practices and procedures, and fit within on-going school reform efforts. An interactive approach that includes opportunities to correct and improve four key elements is used in schoolwide PBIS focusing on: 1) Outcomes, 2) Data, 3) Practices, and 4) Systems. The diagram below illustrates how these key elements work together to build a sustainable system:

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